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What seeds can I sow in June? Well, there are masses of seeds to plant in June, so I’m going to do a quick run through some of them and you can also sow most of the seeds I talked about for sowing in May.
As always I’ll start by reminding you that you’ll need to adjust your sowing times according to where you live. For most areas in the UK, June is a great month for sowing all the tender plants that you want to and in other parts of the world – it’s just warming up in the northern states of America and in the most southern in America it’s probably now beginning to too hot to grow a lot of these and you’ll need to wait until later in the year. And in Australia, as the weather cools down and you’re heading into autumn and winter, now would be the time you’ll be sowing the more leafy vegetables that won’t grow in the summer heat.
We garden in Southeast Wales in the UK, and that works out equivalent to the US hardiness zone 8b, but that’s only an approximate guide to the lowest temperatures that we’ll get in the in the winter, it doesn’t really describe what the micro-climates are like here. We have a really nice, mild micro-climate here and we’re very fortunate that a lot of our plants flower very early and they continue growing until quite late in the season.
Let’s start with beans. You can sow runner beans and French beans direct into the ground so I’m going to be sowing a dwarf French bean, this one’s called Purple Teepee. I’ve also shown a yellow bean it’s called Sonesta and I’m also growing some climbing French beans called Necker Gold and to keep a succession of beans to be able to pick throughout the summer towards the end of the month I’m going to be sown these little ones and these are Yin-Yang beans this is also a dwarf bean so I will have several sowings to give me more picking and more choices throughout summer.
All the seeds that I’m talking about today can be direct sown into the ground and the next one is beetroot. I’ve got two different types that I’m going to be sowing today, Chioggia which has a pink and white candy strike when you cut into it, Romano which is a dark red one but I also grow Boltardy and Cylindra and towards the end of the month I’ll be sowing some more of those.
If you haven’t already sown leaf beets you can put those in now but you can also sow them for successional planting. I grow a lot early leaf beet because I like to use them as salad and I also use them in veg boxes.
You can sow Calabrese seeds. Now Calabrese is a broccoli, it’s the one that we buy in the supermarkets with the big heads of big florets as opposed to broccoli which has the long thin smaller florets and you get multiples of them on each plant so Calabrese is a really nice fairly quick growing brassica I’m going to get this in now we’ll be harvesting it by the end of summer and early autumn. I’m going to make two sowing’s of Calabrese one now and one in about three weeks time just to stagger the harvesting because I don’t want masses of Calabrese to come all at once I want to be able to harvest it over a longer period.
Carrots can also be sown I’m going to put in some yellow and some purple carrots this week and then in about three weeks time I will sow a couple more rows of something like a Chantenay Red Cored so that I can keep on harvesting the carrots right throughout the year.
Now is good time to sow Chinese cabbages and Kohlrabi I’ll be doing a couple more sowings of kohlrabi. I did some earlier in the year and quite a few of them have been nibbled by slugs and I do want to have some so I will be sowing some more.
Now is good time for cucumbers, courgettes and Marrow’s I grow variety called Spacemaster 80 I really like it because it grows to about three feet tall, so it’s a compact plant, but the cucumbers grow to about six to eight inches long which is absolutely adequate of just the two of us in our kitchen. The courgettes I’m growing this year are called Gold Rush, Nera di Milano and Greenbush.
Courgettes, Cucumbers, Marrows and Squashes all start by sending out one rounded leaf which is the seed leaf and then they start sending out their true leaves. And if you want to know which direction the plant is likely to eventually grow in, whichever way the first true leaf comes out they seem to grow in the opposite direction. Please don’t hold me to that, but that seems to have been our experience here.
Don’t forget to continue sowing lettuces, I’m going to be sowing Lolla Rosso, I’ve got some Little Gems that I’ve just sewn and also some mixed leaves including three different colour Romaine lettuces.
Peas can be sown direct into the ground I had a huge envelope of seeds – there’s very few left, but I will be sowing those. For an early harvest I sowed some peas under cover in the polytunnel in the middle of March. They are now producing masses and masses of Mange Tout – I can’t pick them fast enough so my lesson is I need to stop sowing quite so many and just so fewer pea seeds at a time and more often.
Radishes are a really quick and simple crop to grow seed to harvest about three to four weeks and I have a whole variety of seeds here, different colours so there’s the there’s the one that we all recognize as what I call a Peter Rabbit radish, though there’s one that’s slightly different it’s got slightly less white on the end, there’s a red one and that’s like a globe shape and likewise there’s a little white one, this one it has a white outside it’s got little pink Center I’m really interested to see what that will be like so we’ll come back at the end of the month have a look at those when I actually harvest them and then I found this one I called viola it’s actually a purple colour. Now I won’t be sowing very many of these at any one time because I’m going to be growing such a wide variety of them.
Mid-May to Mid-June is the perfect time to plant Swedes I think elsewhere they’re called Rutabaga I didn’t have much success with them last year I think I planted them too late and didn’t water them enough so this year I’m going to be trying a variety called Wilhelmsburger fingers crossed that I have more luck with my swedes this year.
You can also sow Purple Sprouting Broccoli now this is to harvest next spring and others particularly during the hungry gaps or a really valuable ones or so I’ve got some in the ground that I sowed earlier in the year to give me a harvest before Christmas hopefully so in some now means that I should be able to harvest in February March and even going on into April.
You can sow sweetcorn direct into the ground they come up looking almost like a little blade of grass and then it doesn’t take very long before they’re romping away.
Both summer and New Zealand spinach can be sown I’m going to go a variety called Medania I don’t grow it for the mature leaves I grow it for the baby leaves so I sow little and often so I harvest it by cutting off the young leaves and I can do that three or four times and that gives enough time for the next sowing of seeds to get to the point where it’s ready to harvest.
You can also sow turnips I’ve tried Sweet Marble, but it’s an F1, so I can’t collect the seeds from it. It’s very nice, I like the taste, but I’m now going to be sowing one called Goldana. I’m not sure how different the different varieties taste, so I’m doing a bit of an experiment this year with growing some different varieties, so I can actually do a comparison.
In this very hot and dry weather that we’re having at the moment I’m creating the drill to sow in and I am watering the drill before I sow the seeds, so that there’s some moisture below them and then giving it a light water once I’ve covered them over. I don’t want all of those seeds to start germinating and then dry out and not get any further because of lack of water. So to start off with I am trying to keep the seed beds moist.
Once they’ve germinated I’ll give them one more water and then I’m just letting them get on with it. One of the reasons for doing that is it will make those little plants put down a really good root system as its searching for water at a lower level and that will give you a stronger healthier plant.
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And so, wherever you are in the world and whatever you’ve got planned for today, I hope it’s good one and I also hope you’ll join me again next time.
You can watch the video of What to Sow in June here.